To run for a U.S. Senate seat in California, a viable candidate needs to raise a huge war chest of funds. Over the last four campaign cycles, the California U.S. Senate incumbents and their top challengers have each raised an average of $8.8 million from individual donors for their races. The competition will likely be even greater in 2016, with the retirement of Sen. Barbara Boxer, and thus candidates will have to raise even more money.
While the youth vote has played a large and much-discussed role in recent elections, registration and turnout rates for young voters between the ages 18-24 still lag far behind older voters.
In the 2012 election, 62.2% of eligible young people between 18-24 years old were registered, and only half of them (50.8%) turned out to vote. i
The numbers were even lower in the last midterm. In the 2010 election cycle only 49.43% of eligible young people between 18-24 years old were registered to vote.ii
Young voters face more barriers to registration and turnout than older voters: Many of them are becoming eligible for the first time, they move frequently for school or economic reasons, and they are new to the ins and outs of the electoral process.
This study demonstrates that despite recent steps forward in the marketplace, high textbook costs will continue to be a problem for students unless the cost of high-priced, new editions of college textbooks comes down.
The 2012 Trouble in Toyland report is the 27th annual U.S. Public Interest Research Group survey of toy safety. In this report, U.S. PIRG provides safety guidelines for consumers when purchasing toys for small children and provides examples of toys currently on store shelves that may pose potential safety hazards.
Outside spending by organizations that aggregate unlimited contributions from wealthy individuals and institutions is playing a significant role in the 2012 election cycle, and much of it is not disclosed.